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World War I ANZACs remembered in 2015 - An Online Exhibition
Memories from the past.
Museum collections are made up of many items and sometimes we find an item which in itself has a significant story to tell. Here are four stories from our ANZAC history.
Frank Baldwin was an avid collector of maritime books, photographs and postcards.
Amongst his collection is a photograph of RMS RUAHINE taken in Wellington just prior to the start of World War I.
RUAHINE was part of the New Zealand Shipping Company fleet, built in 1909 for the passenger/ refrigerated cargo service operating between Great Britain and New Zealand.
On the verso of the photograph are a number of signatures, one of which belongs to Clyffe E. Taylor, N.Z.E.F. dated 10/8/14 (8th October 1914). N.Z.E.F. (New Zealand Expeditionary Force)
RUAHINE arrived in Auckland on 16th October 1914 from Nelson, where Sergeant Taylor then embarked on board HMNZT WAIMANA with the main body of New Zealand troops bound for Egypt.
More information about Sergeant Taylor is included on the Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database.
Along with Taylor’s signature on the photograph are others, of people who travelled on the same voyage. If you recognise any of the names on the photograph, please email our Librarian, so we can add the information to our collection.
Crossed flags : the histories of the New Zealand Shipping Company Limited and the Federal Steam Navigation Company Limited and their subsidiaries / by W. A. Laxon with I. J. Farquhar and N. J. Kirby ; based on the draft by F. W. Perry. Gravesend: World Ship Society, c1997.
Wharton index of vessel arrivals to the Port of Auckland 1850-1960
Frank Baldwin photograph collection, NZ Maritime Museum
Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph records online website
Astonishing Survival of a USSCo Plate
In 1995, Nick Le Gras of England was diving on the wreck of SS APARIMA and salvaged a plate. Looking on the internet he discovered a similar plate on the New Zealand Maritime Record website and in 2015 after contacting the Museum, Nick generously offered to donate the plate to the New Zealand Maritime Museum.
The plate with the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand flag had survived a torpedo, two world wars and numerous storms and is in very good condition. The plate was made by the English firm F. Winkle and Company and is now part of the collection at the New Zealand Maritime Museum.
SS APARIMA was built in 1902 for the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand (USSCo.) for trade with India. She was the Union Company’s cadet training ship from 1913 to 1917.
APARIMA was requisitioned for service in World War I in January 1915 by the New Zealand Government, to carry troops and horses to Egypt. Some cadets were transferred to another ship to allay concerned parents, however tragedy struck on the 19th November 1917 when APARIMA was torpedoed on a voyage from London to south Wales to take on a cargo of coal. Of the 110 crew on board, 57 were killed, including 13 NZ Cadets and 4 NZ Officers.
Sailing to success: the Union Company Cadet scheme / Rae McGregor; edited by Gavin McLean.2009
Wellington: New Zealand Ship & Marine Society on behalf of Union Company Cadets Reunion Committee, 2009.
Union fleet / Ian Farquhar. 2001 ed. Wellington: New Zealand Ship & Marine Society, 2001.
Lloyd’s war losses: the First World War: casualties to shipping through enemy causes, 1914-1918. London: Lloyd’s of London Press, 1990.
Nick Le Gras: personal correspondence.
SS DUCHESS welcomes home WWI ANZACS
Well known Wellington photographer, John Dickie, captured two images of hundreds of Wellington school children and their teachers waving flags and banners on SS DUCHESS. DUCHESS accompanied several other Wellington ships to greet troops returning home from the battlefields of Europe on board SS HORORATA.
SS HORORATA, part of New Zealand Shipping Company fleet had arrived in Wellington on 15th March 1919 from London, via the Panama Canal, bringing back hundreds of troops; some had been away from home for 4 or 5 years.
DUCHESS was dressed in banners, bunting and large branches of laurel and other greenery.
The banners on DUCHESS read “Hail ANZACS, Young New Zealand greets you” (starboard side); “Your deeds will live in our memory forever” (port side). The children on board DUCHESS sang to the men on HORORATA and the troops were met by hundreds more well-wishers waiting for her arrival at King’s Wharf. A parade to Wellington Town Hall followed, led by pipe and brass bands.
These photographs are part of the Carpenter Collection at the NZ Maritime Museum. Mr Carpenter lived in Onehunga, Auckland and his collection of 250 postcards and photographs includes many others taken by John Dickie.
Evening Post 15th March 1919
Crossed flags : the histories of the New Zealand Shipping Company Limited and the Federal Steam Navigation Company Limited and their subsidiaries / by W. A. Laxon with I. J. Farquhar and N. J. Kirby; based on the draft by F. W. Perry. Gravesend: World Ship Society, c1997.
ANZAC Parade, Auckland 1929
ANZAC Day Parade in Auckland, 25th April 1929. The Auckland Waterside Workers Band takes the lead of the Naval section of the parade as it departs from Queens Wharf.
The photographer is Foss (Fred) Harry Tackaberry; a marine engineer who was employed by the Auckland Harbour Board and later became Foreman of Works. Following his retirement in the 1950s, Foss was re-employed to oversee the re-floating of the bucket dredge HAPAI, which had capsized in Auckland Harbour in June 1957. The album that includes these photographs were all taken by Foss and include many images of the wharves and shipping during the 1920s. Foss Tackaberry born 1898, died 1969.
Foss Tackaberry is in the centre of the photograph (seventh from the left, in the second row, seated) of Auckland Harbour Board works staff taken in 1950.
Auckland Harbour Board archives, NZ Maritime Museum
“They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning,
We will remember them.”
NZ Returned Services Association